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Consensus & Reason towards Legitimacy

Consensus remains a vital enterprise in the democratic system as it is essential in formulating policies, making collective decisions, effecting political processes, and defining political outcomes. A well-functioning democracy that embodies consensus provides wide-range of opportunities for citizens towards directing an equitable socioeconomic outcomes and political reforms thru policies and decisions that are need-responsive to both leaders and citizens. A weak democracy, however, that is fragmented of this quality deprives citizens and policymakers the capacity to advance socioeconomic progress and bureaucratic reforms (Mendoza, et al., 2015)[1].

Deliberative democracy, as a growing thought in contemporary times, is concerned at arriving political consensus and collective decision-making through participatory and ‘consequential’ deliberation by citizens affected or their representatives. It emerged as a radical response to the conventional democratic thought that puts voting as a translation of citizens’ decisions and preferences which, according to theorists, does not actually translate it into a more legitimate action since risks of manipulation of voters’ choices are apparent and the process by which decisions are conceptualized is not ‘rational’ as a whole.

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